The Southern French Nobility and the Albigensian Crusade

The Albigensian Crusade was called by Pope Innocent III in 1208 against the Count of Toulouse in response to the murder of the papal legate Pierre des Castelnau. The Pope’s aim was to force the Count and other nobles in Languedoc to take action against the Cathar heretics in their lands, but in the end, the defeat of Catharism in the south of France was achieved through the establishment of the Inquisition and the extension of French royal authority to the area.

While some Occitan noble families survived the crusade, others were destroyed and the behaviour of the crusaders towards the local nobility has often been regarded as rather arbitrary, unconnected to how these families related to each other before 1209. This study takes the case of the Trencavel Viscounts of Béziers and Carcassonne, who were the only members of the higher nobility to lose their lands to the crusade, and argues that an understanding of how the Occitan nobility fared in the crusade years must be based in the context of the politics of the noble society of Languedoc, not only in the thirteenth century but also in the twelfth.

A welcome addition to the historiography. COMITATUS
Adds a new seriousness to the Albigensian Crusade that can only benefit medieval scholarship. SPECULUM
[A] meticulous and original analysis. MEDIUM AEVUM
Extremely welcome. A piece of impressive, scholarly work. It should be read not only by those working further upon the crusade itself but also by anyone interested in the religious and political landscape of medieval Languedoc. H-FRANCE REVIEW

Published in 2005 by Boydell and Brewer.

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